Head Start began as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson 's Great Society campaign. Its justification came from the staff of the President's Council of Economic Advisers .  Stan Salett , civil rights organizer, national education policy advisor and creator of the Upward Bound Program, is also credited with initiating the Head Start program.
On December 12, 2007, former President Bush signed Public Law 110-134 "Improving Head Start for School Readiness Act of 2007" [PDF, 232KB] reauthorizing the Head Start program. This law contains significant revisions to the previous Head Start Act and authorizes Head Start through September 30, 2012.